BACKGROUND: Algeria

Background: After a century of rule by France, Algeria became independent in 1962. The surprising first round success of the fundamentalist …

BACKGROUND: China

Background: For centuries China has stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences. But in the fi…

BACKGROUND: India

Background: The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, goes back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest i…

BACKGROUND: Lebanon

Background: Lebanon has made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions and regaining its national sovereignty since 1991 and the…

BACKGROUND: Libya

Background: Since he took power in a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI has espoused his own political system – a combin…

BACKGROUND: Russia

Background: The defeat of the Russian Empire in World War I led to the seizure of power by the communists and the formation of the USSR. The…

BACKGROUND: Sudan

Background: Military dictatorships promulgating an Islamic government have mostly run the country since independence from the UK in 1956. Ov…

BACKGROUND: Tajikistan

Background: Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the U…

BACKGROUND: Turkmenistan

Background: Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1925. It achieved its independence upon the di…

BACKGROUND: Uzbekistan

Background: Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after World War I was eventually suppress…

Iraqi Latest

U.N. inspectors found 11 empty chemical warheads in “excellent” condition at an ammunition storage area in southern Iraq on Thursday, and th…